SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) is a condition in which abnormally large numbers of bacteria – the types that are normally found in the large intestine – are present in the small intestine. When not functioning properly, the migrating motor complex (MMC) fails to effectively sweep intestinal contents into the colon during periods of fasting. Once in the small intestine, these bacteria proliferate and feed off carbohydrates from food, creating fermentation gases, specifically methane and hydrogen. SIBO breath testing measures these gases.
SIBO can be a cause of many health problems, including diarrhea, abdominal pain, and protein/fat malabsorption. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in SIBO since it has now been implicated in the pathophysiology of certain diseases previously not classically associated with overgrowth. The World Journal of Gastroenterology claims a definitive association between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and SIBO, suggesting that SIBO be excluded before diagnosing a patient with IBS.
Common conditions associated with SIBO:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Leaky Gut Syndrome
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Gastrointestinal Pathogen Screen #401h
Gastrointestinal pathogens such as bacteria, candida (yeast), and parasites can be a problem for anyone dealing with chronic health issues such as fatigue, loose stools or constipation, joint inflammation, headaches, etc. Often times chronic intestinal pathogens persist for years draining the body of energy reserves, necessary nutrients, and can be a leading problem for ongoing stress leading to poor adrenal hormone cortisol production. In fact, anyone who is assessing themselves for adrenal hormone balance at some point should perform stool testing to rule out chronic infection. The Gastrointestinal Pathogen Screen, aka. #401 profile from BioHealth Laboratory is an excellent test for intestinal pathogens (candida, bacteria), particularly parasitic infections. The parasite detection methods from BioHealth Laboratory are extensive and not only look for parasites through visual inspection of the stool through microscopy, but through specialized staining techniques to identify hidden infections as well. The Gastrointestinal Pathogen Screen (#401) from BioHealth Laboratory also evaluates for Clostridia difficle (C. difficle) Toxins A and B. Clostridia difficle can be a serious infection that predisposes an individual to an inflammatory bowel condition called Pseudomembraneous colitis. C. difficle is contagious and is quite problematic as resistance to antibiotics is high. C. difficle is also known to produce a biotoxin which can interfere with brain chemistry pathways by inhibiting Dopamine. This can create behavior and attention problems often seen in various mental health disorders. A follow-up test for anyone with Clostridia difficle Toxin A and/or B from the BioHealth Laboratory Gastrointestinal Pathogen Screen (#401) would be the Organic Acid Test (OAT) from Great Plains Laboratory. With the OAT there are two clostridia toxins than can be present called 4-cresol and HPHPA which are linked to faulty Dopamine metabolism. The #401 Gastrointestinal Pathogen Screen is an excellent stool analysis for the detection of intestinal pathogens such as parasites and C. difficle.
Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis w/ Parasitology
The Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis w/Parasitology is a complete digestive system assessment for overall bowel health. The profile abbreviated CDSA is useful for a wide variety of issues from bloating, gas, bowel pain, constipation and loose stools, to more problematic issues related to inflammatory bowel disease. The Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis breaks down the digestive assessment into 3 main categories:
Digestion of Food
The first sections of the CDSA look at normal bacterial levels to see if there are any imbalances. Commensal and dysbiotic flora (bacteria) are also analyzed to identify any potential pathogens. If a bacterial pathogen is detected the lab provides what is called a Bacterial Sensitivity screen to determine what remedy (herbal, supplement or medication) is most effective for the eradication of that bacteria. The same thing applies to the detection of candida as well with a Yeast Sensitivity section to determine the most effective remedy to use against candida.
The second section looks at markers for poor digestion of fats, protein, and plant fibers. A general marker for pancreatic output of enzymes to see if this organ is functioning properly is also analyzed.
The final sections of the CDSA look at markers for inflammation to help differentiate between irritable bowel and inflammatory bowel disease potentials. Also, markers for mucosal immune output of secretory IgA, as well as blood, pH, and stool consistency are evaluated too.
Overall, the Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis w/Parasitology is an excellent lab test to fully analyze a variety of markers for digestive function. Many times doing the CDSA along with the Organic Acid Test from Great Plains Laboratory helps to further define imbalances in the digestive system that can contribute to poor health.
Hair Elements Test – For Hair Metals Anaylsis
The Hair Elements test, also called the Hair Analysis or Hair Metals test is a useful test to evaluate for heavy metal exposure. Heavy metals such as Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, Nickel and others all carry a potential toxicity to cause or contribute to poor health. The Hair Elements test also analyzes a variety of minerals too such as Zinc, Copper, Selenium, Sulfur and Molybdenum. The Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis does a very good job at correlating levels found in the hair to what would be found in the blood such as Manganese, Molybdenum, Lithium, Selenium, and Sulfur. Therefore, the Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis is a comprehensive tool to use in the detection of past heavy metal exposure and imbalances in certain minerals.
Hair testing has a long tradition of detecting more chronic exposure to environmental metals. For example, Lead levels in the hair have been correlated with behavior and learning disorders in children, and generally when the levels are higher the more impairment of brain function there is. Lead is also associated with hyperactivity disorder as well.
Mercury in the hair can be seen in people with accumulation of mercury from various sources such as fish consumption, contaminated water or food, and even vaccines.
Arsenic is often high in individuals who consume a lot of rice or rice products. Arsenic has been used in the past in chicken feed and this is another source of exposure.
Overall, the Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis is a useful screening assessment for heavy metal exposure, as well as the accumulative nature of various heavy metals overtime.
Urine Toxic & Essential Elements Test
Urine testing can be a useful way of assessing mineral levels and heavy metal exposure. The Urine Toxic and Essential Elements Test, aka. urine metals and minerals is a diagnostic assessment of minerals such as zinc, copper, magnesium, calcium, selenium, etc. as well as various heavy metals such as aluminum, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury. Measuring these elements in the urine is a quick and easy way of assessing for potential excess or deficiency of minerals and current exposure to heavy metals. The Urine Toxic and Essential Elements Test is broken down into two sections.
Urine Toxic Elements, aka. urine metals or heavy metals – this section analyzes for heavy metal exposure. In the vast majority of cases if heavy metal exposure is chronic in nature (for example, happen months prior) there may not be a high elevation seen on the urine test. In these circumstances it is also a good idea to do the Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis. The Urine Toxic analysis is best for recent exposure or if actively doing heavy metal detoxification to evaluate the excretion of heavy metals from the body.
Urine Essential Elements, aka. urine minerals – this section analyzes various minerals as mentioned above. It taking mineral supplements the values will generally be normal or elevated. However, if taking minerals and the test shows low values it either indicates a potential digestive absorption issue or under-dosing of minerals. Overall, the Urine Essential Elements test is useful as a way to assess total body mineral levels without having to do blood testing. It is also recommended to do the Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis as well to get further evaluation for these various elements.
Urine Toxic Metals Test
Urine testing can be a useful way of assessing for heavy metal exposure. The Urine Toxic Metals Test, aka. urine metals is a diagnostic assessment of various heavy metals such as aluminum, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury. Measuring these heavy metals in the urine is a quick and easy way of assessing for potential current exposure to heavy metals.
Urine testing for toxic heavy metals is most accurate for recent exposure. For example, if some ate a food that was contaminated with a heavy metal such as mercury (in fish) or arsenic (in rice) the level on the urine test would likely be high if measured a few days after consumption. However, levels in the urine usually diminish fairly quickly after the exposure is cut-off. Therefore, urine testing isn’t likely to show high heavy metals if the exposure was months in the past. In these cases, the urine toxic metals test becomes most useful if using a heavy metal detoxification therapy to provoke the excretion of heavy metals from the body.
Urine Toxic Metals Test, aka. urine metals is mostly used in the area of heavy metal detoxification therapy, aka. chelation therapy to assess the levels of metals being excreted overtime. Often times it is best to establish a baseline assessment of heavy metals prior to using a heavy metal detoxification remedy, and then do repeated Urine Toxic Metals Test every few weeks or months thereafter to monitor heavy metal excretion overtime. The goal is to have each heavy metal, i.e. lead, mercury, arsenic that was initially high on the baseline test return to normal amounts with ongoing therapy. The Urine Toxic Metals test is a common test performed by integrative medicine practitioners who are evaluating for heavy metal removal with various detoxification therapies.
Urine Essential Elements Test
Urine testing can be a useful way of assessing mineral levels. The Urine Essential Elements Test, aka. urine minerals is a diagnostic assessment of minerals such as zinc, copper, magnesium, calcium, selenium, etc. Measuring these elements in the urine is a quick and easy way of assessing for potential excess or deficiency of minerals.
Urine Essential Elements, aka. urine mineral testing analyzes various minerals as mentioned above. If taking mineral supplements the values may be normal or elevated depending on how much is being taken. However, if taking mineral supplements and the test shows low values it either indicates a potential digestive absorption issue or under-dosing of minerals. Overall, the Urine Essential Elements test is useful as a way to assess total body mineral levels without having to do blood testing. It is also recommended to do the Hair Elements, aka. Hair Analysis test as well to get further evaluation for these various essential elements.
Urine Essential Elements, aka. urine mineral testing may show high mineral levels if minerals are being excreted from the body abnormally. This may indicate a resorption problem from kidneys where certain minerals are not being taken back up into the body after being filtered by the kidneys. This type of analysis would only be accurate if no mineral supplements were being consumed at the time of testing.
The Urine Essential Elements Test, aka. urine mineral test should be considered as an essential test to assess for overall mineral levels or deficiencies of certain minerals for body health assessment.
Fecal Metals Test
Heavy metals such as Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury are common in our environment. We are all exposed to certain levels of these toxic metals, but depending on where you live certain heavy metals may be higher. For example, it is not uncommon to see high Arsenic levels in farming communities where pesticides and herbicides are sprayed on crops. Arsenic can also be high with rice consumption.
Antimony is often used as fire retardant in clothing for children, or can be found in flooring, carpeting and other upholstery. Cadmium is often seen in people living in cities close to busy streets or freeways, and cadmium is also found in second hand smoke. Mercury has many sources such as fish consumption, amalgam (mercury) dental fillings, and coal production.
The Fecal Metals Test, aka. fecal toxic metal or stool metal test is a useful way to assess for environmental exposure to various heavy metals. For example, if eating a food or drinking a beverage that is contaminated with a toxic metal it will often show up in the fecal metal test. However, just because a fecal metal test shows elevated levels of heavy metals doesn’t necessarily mean the levels are high in the rest of the body. Therefore, it is recommended that if doing Fecal Metal testing that also doing the Hair Analysis is worthwhile too to see if levels in the hair are elevated. If so, this indicates that what is being consumed through the digestive system is also getting absorbed into the body.
The Fecal Metals Test, aka. fecal toxic metal or stool metal test is a useful screening test to determine ongoing environmental exposure, i.e. food, water.